Water Analysis

Process Water

Process Water

Process Water and Industrial Water

Process Water is loosely described as water used in industry such as manufacturing, chemical processing, paper production, cooling towers and power generation as well as oil and gas production. Because of the broad nature of the application, testing required in each sub-sector is also known to vary widely. Regular water testing is an important process as it can help to verify the safety of the procedure and optimise the industrial process, both from a cost and operational standpoint.

Water plays a critical role in many manufacturing and industrial environments. Used in almost every part of the process, it commonly required for the manufacture of a product or used for cooling equipment. By optimising your water quality, you can help improve your product quality and process efficiency.


Water conservation in industrial processes
Water conservation is a key challenge for many businesses, with more companies trying to improve water usage and water waste in their manufacturing processes. With an effective test solution, both water and chemical usage can be reduced, improving both the cost efficiency and environmental impact.


Cooling towers
Cooling towers are used to remove heat from a building, facility or machine. Commonly used in large buildings for heating, ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC), industrial cooling towers are much larger and used in a variety of manufacturing and process industries. Chemical disinfection is critical for the system to avoid microbiological contamination. Without effective treatment contamination can develop and block the airflow of the system, causing it to fail. One of the major concerns for cooling towers is an outbreak of legionella. Legionella thrives in warm water, but many disinfection treatments are ineffective at higher temperatures which can often lead to overdosing of the system to compensate. Regular testing throughout the process can ensure that disinfection levels are effective at preventing bacterial, fungal or algae growth, as well as avoiding a legionnaires outbreak. With effective disinfection monitoring, chemical usage can be optimised to avoid outbreaks and limit the expense of chemical overdosing.


Oil and gas production
Water plays an important role in oil and gas production, and in particular in hydraulic fracturing. The process of fracking involves injecting a large amount of water, sand and chemicals down the well. This water can come from multiple sources and is often mixed with chemical treatment to help prevent bacterial growth and protect the integrity of the well. To limit cost increases and ensure that these chemicals are used efficiently, regular testing should be performed on the water.  In addition to testing the process water from oil and gas production, offshore facilities will also require water testing for drinking water facilities to ensure it is effectively disinfected.


Using Kemio in process and industrial water applications
Kemio Disinfection is a truly simple test method, using our disposable sensors to generate repeatable, reliable and accurate results. Inclusive of testing for chlorine, chlorine dioxide, chlorite, PAA and bromine; Kemio is ideal for businesses using more than one disinfectant.


Water Utilities

Innovaprep's Rapid Concentration of SARS-CoV-2 in Wastewater for Public Health Outbreak Mitigation

Researchers around the globe have already begun to use wastewater to detect the emergence and spread of COVID-19 outbreaks. This approach may prove to be a powerful epidemiological method to help Public Health officials mobilize resources and help determine the degree and duration of intervention needed in a community.


This application requires that target organisms are detectable at very low concentrations from about 10 copies per 100 milliliters of influent. Rapid methods are only capable of analyzing very small volumes; generally 10 microliters or less. The InnovaPrep concentration technology can bridge this gap faster, easier, and better than common methods.


Our customers have confirmed that The CP Select can rapidly and efficiently concentrate SARS-CoV-2 from raw influent wastewater samples. Detecting SARS-CoV-2 in wastewater is difficult because it is so dilute, making rapid and easy concentration key to rapid detection. InnovaPrep tools can provide the exponential concentration factors required and can be easily integrated with routine methods used for all waterborne pathogens normally surveilled, while saving labor costs and improving workflow.


User data show that the InnovaPrep CP Select outperformed HA, PEG, and Celite based methods for the concentration of six viruses from 100 mL of raw influent. As shown in the below table represented by the red bar (IP).

Further, the speed of concentration and the ease of use easily beat traditional methods.

For secondary clarifier effluent, similar results were reported, and the InnovaPrep Large Volume Concentrator was used to process 50-100 L, tremendously improving the detection limit for those viruses.


Palintest's work in water utilities for water safety


  1. Kemio™ Heavy Metals in Water Utilities

Kemio™ Heavy Metals Protect against lead and cadmium contamination to ensure safe drinking water.


      • EPA approved method for lead testing The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has approved Palintest Method 1001, Rev. 1.1. for the determination of total recoverable lead in drinking water using differential pulse anodic stripping voltammetry using pre-calibrated disposable sensors in a Palintest Kemio device. The publication of Palintest’s alternative testing method in the Federal Register makes this analytical method legally available as an option for meeting EPA’s monitoring requirements in determining compliance with national primary drinking water regulations within The Safe Drinking Water Act.


Turbidity Testing in Water Utilities

Turbidity is a measure of how cloudy water is, it is often used to measure the sanitary quality of water and can be used as an indicator of filters not working effectively. Find out more about turbidity in different applications.


Palintest offers a number of solutions for turbidity testing, all of which are suitable for different users. Turbidity tubes are used for a quick and approximate indication of turbidity. For a more advanced test the Turbimeter Plus can be used. It uses unique Quadoptix Technology allowing multiple validations of results for greater accuracy. The Turbimeter Plus is also available as part of the Turbidity and Ammonia Combined Kit or Turbidity and Chlorine Combined Kit. These kits are ideal for service professionals and have been designed for field use.


Depending on your application or regulatory needs, we offer a wide range of solutions to suit your application.


Testing For Ammonia in Water Utilities

Ammonia needs to be monitored in drinking water to safeguard human health.

Ammonia is naturally found in water, as it is produced through the decay of organic matter as well as by humans through the production of fertilisers, plastics, pharmaceuticals, and petrochemicals. When ammonia (NH3) is dissolved in water, some of the ammonia molecules will gain a hydrogen ion and this positively charged species is called ammonium (NH4+). The ratio of NH3 to NH4+ is dependent on the pH and temperature of the water. The lower the pH and the warmer the water; the higher the concentration of ammonium due to the increase of H+ ions. Ammonia at low concentrations is mostly harmless to humans, however, it is an irritant to the eyes and nose. The taste and odour of the water can be affected by the presence of ammonia.


Ammonia is toxic to aquatic life and has been reportedly toxic at levels as low as 0.5 mg/L. High ammonia levels in natural waters can result in an excess of algae growth, which prevents sunlight from reaching the aquatic life and plants eventually causing death.


In drinking water, ammonia needs to be monitored to safeguard human health. It may be present after disinfection using monochloramines, or because of leaching from materials used in the pipework construction. Chlorine is known to react with ammonia and therefore decreased disinfection efficiency can be expected if the drinking water contains more than 0.2 mg/L of ammonia.


Palintest's Lumiso Expert is a multiparameter photometer including over 75 tests for chemical parameters including ammonia tests using both the Indophenol and Nessler methods, meaning there is a test to suit all ammonia monitoring needs. The Lumiso Expert also offers tests for chloramines, which form when ammonia reacts with chlorine, as well as many other useful water quality monitoring parameters.


Water Utilities
Water Analysis in Soil and Agriculture

Water Analysis in Soil and Agriculture

Soil & Agriculture

Soil is a precious but non-renewable resource. It sustains life across the world by providing the basis for healthy food production, fuel, clothing fibres and medicinal products. Protecting and managing soil health requires a focus on soil macronutrients and micronutrients. Regular testing helps maximise crop and avoid any stock losses. Palintest offers a specialist range of soil testing kits to support all soil testing needs, see the kits below for more information.


Palintest SK100 Soil pH and Lime Requirement Kit Soil

pH is the most important single parameter for soil testing providing not just information about the acidity or alkaline nature of soil but also the availability of key nutrients: pH Soiltester and reagents for 50 tests - clear visual soil pH testing with no requirement for calibration or maintenance.


Palintest SKW500 Complete Soil Kit

Combining the accuracy of the Soiltest 10 photometer with the simplicity of Palintest soil test methods


Palintest SKW500

Provides agronomists, soil scientists and farming professionals alike with a portable soil laboratory for macronutrients and micronutrients: Test protocols for macronutrients (soil pH, N/P/K), micronutrients and trace minerals including sulphur, manganese and magnesium.


Palintest SKW400 Professional Soil Management Kit

The SKW 400 Professional Soil Management Kit provides fundamental soil nutrient testing capability with the space to add up to seven additional soil reagent packs: Simple, field-ready soil test methods for macro nutrients (soil pH, N/P/K), calcium, magnesium and conductivity.


Palintest SK300 Soil Management Kit

Measure soil pH, conductivity, N/P/K, magnesium and calcium using simple visual test methods in a durable soil test kit designed for field use: Visual test equipment and reagents for soil pH, lime requirement, nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P) and potassium (K) macronutrients plus magnesium and calcium testing.


Palintest SK200 Soil Fertility Kit

Measure soil pH and N/P/K in a simple visual soil test kit containing reagents and hardware for effective soil fertility monitoring. Measure soil pH, lime requirement, nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium (N/P/K) macronutrients using simple visual soil testing methods.

Pool & Spa

Pool & Spa

Effective water management enables you to optimize your treatment plan for cost efficiency, water balance and swimmer safety. HERE


Reopening Your Pool Facility after COVID-19
We have collated the guidelines to help you understand what is required to reopen your pool facilities following the relaxing of COVID-19 restrictions.


Lumiso Pool Photometers
Lightweight and handheld, our new Lumiso photometers are designed for complete portability to perform testing, anywhere. Available now!


Pool And Spa Photometers
Palintest Pooltest photometers are renowned for being reliable and easy to use. View our range of Pool and Spa photometers to get the instrument best suited for your testing needs.


Pool And Spa Visual Products
View our range of Pool and Spa Visual products to get the instrument best suited for your testing needs.a


Download Our Spa Chemistry Guide
We’ve put together a helpful spa chemistry guide to give you all the information you need for expert spa management. For more pool and spa content visit our Content Hub.


Pool & Spa



Palintest offer a range of test kits specifically designed for field testing in emergency response situations, or in remote locations where water and laboratory infrastructure is limited. 

In emergency situations, such as refugee camps and natural disasters, water quality must be rapidly assessed to protect public health, and to prevent the spread of waterborne diseases.

Microbiological analysis is used to deliver rapid test results for critical water quality parameters. This supports decision making when selecting between drinking water sources such as rivers or boreholes.


Wagtech™ portable water quality laboratories
Wagtech™ kits are designed to identify the safety of drinking water sources on-site, working in remote locations away from laboratories. Wagtech offers a range of kits to suit your requirements. Watch our short video for an introduction to our Wagtech™ brand and to find out the different environments our kits can be used in.


Palintest is proud to have a long and established partnership with the humanitarian and development sector, providing technologies which safeguard water for everyone, every day. With vast experience in global exporting, we work closely with our partners to help deliver our life-saving equipment to every corner of the globe.


As challenges in this sector continue to evolve, our Wagtech™ kits have been adapted to the growing needs of the WASH sector. Helping to improve Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) standards worldwide our Wagtech™ portable water quality laboratories enable simple and accessible testing anywhere.


We offer a range of kits to suit your requirements. Our kits can be used to test drinking water for emergency response purposes, with more advanced kits used for long term water quality monitoring. The Water Safety Kit contains instruments and visual test equipment for simple on-site testing of free, total and combined chlorine, pH and turbidity. These parameters are often tested in step 5 of Water Safety Plan to to validate that the control measures are working effectively. The WSK is available individually or as part of Wagtech™ Potatest Classic and the Wagtech™ Potatest Go.


  • The Wagtech™ Potatest Go
    The Potatest Go is ideal for water testing in emeragency situations and for simple water quality testing projects. The new upright kit design has been adapted to improve portability. More HERE
  • The Potatest Classic Provides rapid onsite testing of critical drinking water quality parameters. The kit has been designed for water testing in emergency situations, such as natural disasters, and for simple water quality testing projects. To compare this with our other Wagtech™ kits click here.
  • See products here


Why Is A Pooltester SP610 Used For Drinking Water?
Pooltesters are a rapid test for chlorine and pH, both important tests for drinking water quality.

Food & Beverage

Food & Beverage

Palintest's technologies help businesses to reach the highest standards of food safety through critical process and disinfection control.


Kemio Now With Free Chlorine Up To 100 Mg/L
Improve the accuracy of your results and remove the need for dilution with our brand new free chlorine sensor test, measuring up to 100 mg/L of free chlorine.


Sanitation is employed in all food and beverage sectors, often with stringent controls and regulations. Monitoring and validation of these sanitisers helps ensure produce quality and safety is protected. Palintest technologies are used in facilities across the food and beverage industry to protect produce quality and safety.


Food and beverage products go through a series of cleaning and sanitisation processes. Different processes are suitable for different produce types, however, the cleaning and washing procedure will vary depending on the producer.


Poultry Processing: Why Kemio Performs Better Than Drop Count
Have you ever experienced a variation in PAA readings across different operators, shifts or even departments at your poultry plant? Find out why.


Download: Fresh Produce Guide
Download our guide about the validation of fresh produce wash water sanitisers. Also take a look at our webinar on disinfection in food and beverage applications. HERE


Food & Beverage